Italian marble from Carrara
Marble is obtained from different parts of the world, but Italian marble, especially the one from the city of Carrara is one of the most popular, well-known and beautiful of all marbles available on the market. Michelangelo and Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini, the famous sculptors, admired its beauty and perfect structure and have chosen it as their medium. It was often used as a finish material and used for decorative wall linings. It is undoubtedly special, so we decided it needs a dedicated article. Enjoy your reading!
Appearance and parameters
The Carrara marble is considered one of the purest varieties of stone. It is white with ash spots that create regular veins. It is highly crystallized and contains extraordinarily large amount of pure calcium carbonate and low amount of magnesium oxide. It has a form of calcite marble with medium and megacrystals. In general, there are two types of Carrara marble. The white one is used for sculptures and the darker one is used for producing worktops, sills, stairs and tiles. It is characterized by good durability, resistance to weathering and it is highly decorative.
Quarrying and applications
The material is obtained from Apuan Alps. When you are passing by this region, you can notice white, distinct spots – these are marble walls. The ancient Romans appreciated the aesthetic value and beauty of marble and decided to create a quarry. Nowadays marble is quarried with rope saws because its structure is fragile and prone to cracking. Explosives are not used for obtaining marble, because they could significantly reduce the block to waste ratio of the motherlode.
Marble is a popular sculpting medium and it is also used widely in the construction industry. It is suitable for the production of worktops, wall linings, tiles and stairs. Cracked marbles and waste in the form of aggregate are used for producing terrazzo and marble grit. In the past however, it was a building block for fora, palaces and temples.